Malnutrition during adolescence can have lifelong consequences. Adolescents undergo rapid biological and socioemotional changes and set lifelong dietary and related habits. Gender norms can leave girls disproportionately impacted by food insecurity, but many adolescent boys are malnourished as well. Adolescent girls are at risk of dropping out of school, marrying, and becoming pregnant - all of which can harm their nutrition and health as well as that of their offspring.
The period 10-19 years of age is one of accelerated growth both physically and psychosocially. Boys and girls during this rapid growth phase have increased nutritional requirements of both macronutrients (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) and micronutrients. This is due to rapid physical growth and the onset of menses in girls and accelerated muscle and bone mass development in boys.
While the first 1,000 days remains a critical period of nutritional need, adolescence the period from 10-19 years of age is characterised by rapid biological and psychosocial growth and development. Up to 45% of skeletal growth takes place and 15 to 25% of adult height is achieved during adolescence.
Adolescence presents an opportunity to influence diet, which impacts present and future health outcomes, yet adolescent diets globally are poorly understood. This study estimated mean frequency of consumption and prevalence of less-than-daily fruit and vegetable consumption, at-least-daily carbonated beverage consumption, and at-least-weekly fast-food consumption among school-going adolescents.
The framework comprises a set of drivers, plus four determinants (food supply chains, external food environments, personal food environments, and behaviours of caregivers, children and adolescents), which together influence the diets of children and adolescents.
The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) and the World Health Organization (WHO) organised a consultation in Geneva in June 2018, which brought together more than 80 researchers, practitioners, policymakers and youth organisations, as well as adolescents from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Zambia. This paper reports on the discussions and outcomes of the workshop.
Food systems are essential to delivering healthy, affordable and sustainable diets, but the nutritional needs of children and adolescents are often not prioritised. UNICEF and GAIN co-hosted a global consultation on children, adolescents and food systems in November 2018.
The aim of this consumer information study was to provide context-specific information that can guide the development of behaviour change interventions aimed to promote improved eating behaviour of adolescent girls in Bangladesh.
Bangladeshi adolescents are in the midst of several modes of expansion outside their context such as from closely enmeshed family networks to broader collectives. This report covers an assessment on understanding human motivations among Bangladeshi adolescents.
In Bangladesh, high rates of undernutrition persist among adolescent females living in low‐income households. Qualitative research was carried out to examine individual, social, and environmental factors influencing eating behaviors of female adolescents between 15‐19 years of age living in low‐income families in urban and rural settings in Bangladesh.