Achieving optimal health and nutrition requires people to be both well-nourished and free from foodborne hazards. The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) has long recognized the importance of integrating food safety to achieve global nutrition and food security goals.
In this Scoping Review, 116 relevant studies were identified, with most focusing on one state/city, urban areas, vendors, and practices. Studies suggest ‘knowledge’ and ‘attitude’ to be better than actual ‘practices’. Food safety practices of consumers often aligned with those of vendors. Training may help improve knowledge, but rigorous evaluation is needed.
This report includes the findings of two reviews: one focused on hazard in foods consumed in Ethiopia, and the other on beverages.
Ethiopia’s 2018 Food and Nutrition Policy cited food safety as critical to improving nutrition and public health, with responsibility for implementation spread across a dozen federal governing bodies. Food safety regulations omit traditional markets where many Ethiopians buy and sell food. Without compliance rules, some vendors are untrained and lack licenses to operate – increasing food safety risks.
In Nigeria, recent regulatory efforts to prioritize food safety resulted in the draft National Food Safety and Quality Bill, which has yet to be enacted into law but currently awaits a final reading by Nigeria’s 9th National Assembly.
EatSafe conducted a review of existing food safety policy, regulations, and standards at the national, regional, and local levels in Ethiopia to identify gaps in the country's food safety system, relevant authorities, training, and compliance mechanisms.
This study examines the food safety beliefs of vendors and consumers in a mid-sized Nigerian city using data from in-depth interviews and cognitive mapping techniques drawn from ethnography.
This paper uses detailed data from in-depth interviews with consumers (n = 47) and vendors (n = 37) in three traditional markets in Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria to examine how consumers and vendors identify and avoid or manage food safety risks and whom they hold responsible and trust when it comes to ensuring food safety.
We conducted a rigorous scoping review to assess consumer-facing food safety interventions carried out globally over the past 20 years, and categorized and analyzed them by type of intervention, methods, and outcomes to understand which interventions might be effective in changing consumer behavior, knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions on food safety.
To support EatSafe in Ethiopia by providing insights on prior research on food safety-related perspectives and practices among consumers and food vendors in Ethiopia, a systematic search and review identified 116 articles to include in this synthesis.