This review of food safety measures and indicators provides an overview of their use in multiple contexts and world regions, as well as a summary of the normative food safety standards and guidelines adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), an international standard-setting organisation established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This analysis is an important building block for EatSafe’s efforts to develop a conceptual framework and indices linking food safety and nutrition.
The scope of this review covers indicators for public health (the burden of foodborne disease); the demand side (consumer and vendor knowledge, attitudes, practice indicators; civil society organisations); the supply side (food hazard standards and indicators; food industry performance indicators); and the enabling environment (core competencies of national food safety systems and indicators for performance; broader natural and societal contexts). While not exhaustive, this review provides a reference to discuss future efforts to develop harmonised indicators for food safety. Food safety and healthy nutrition are dependent on each other, and EatSafe’s future work will review the interactions and impact pathways between the two domains and work towards synergistic and integrated indicators that are relevant for food safety and nutrition.