Impacts of COVID-19 on small- and medium-sized enterprises in the Rwandan food system


GAIN and partners, including the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Business Network (co-convened by the World Food Programme (WFP)), undertook a survey of food system SMEs in Rwanda in October/November 2020, aiming to assess the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated control measures on their businesses and their support needs.

This survey follows one in May 2020, results of which are available here.

  • 47 responses were received, with most being from micro- or small-sized firms; respondents were primarily processors
  • and within the vegetable value chain.
  • 98% reported that the pandemic had an immediate impact on their business. The main impacts cited by firms included decreased sales (78%), difficulty accessing financing (44%), and difficulty accessing inputs (42%).
  • For most firms, impacts had lessened over time; about 35% of firms reported that their business was essentially ‘back
  • to normal’.
  • 89% reported changing their production volume as a result of the pandemic, and 91% reported changing their
  • product price as a result of the pandemic.

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