Consumer and Vendor Perspectives and Practices Related to Food Safety in Nigeria

To inform the USAID-funded EatSafe Nigeria project, this review summarizes prior research on the perspectives and practices of consumers and vendors vis-à-vis food safety in Nigeria, which is Africa’s most populous country and situated in the region with the world’s highest burden of foodborne disease. Through a systematic search and review process, 87 relevant studies were identified. Most studies were found to focus on just one city or state within Nigeria, with most work concentrated in urban areas and in the southwest, south, and central regions. Most of the studies (64%) focused only on vendors; only one study focused on both consumers and vendors. The most common food category studied was prepared ready-to-eat foods; among specific raw foods, animal-source foods (particularly meat) were the main foods studied (10%). The majority of studies (81.6%) did not focus on any specific food safety hazard, instead examining general food safety issues. Considering the retail outlet, 38% of studies had no specific focus, 30% examined street food sellers, 15% examined schools/universities, 7% informal (“wet”) markets, and 7% restaurants.

An adapted version of this report was published as a peer-reviewed article in the journal Food Control.