Assessing Food Safety Interventions Relevant to Foodborne Zoonoses in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This report highlights the multiple and complex factors involved in mitigating foodborne zoonoses in animal source foods (ASF) sold at traditional markets in resource-poor settings. Many of those factors may also be relevant to pathogens in non-ASF. Given that most food safety interventions require a “farm to fork” approach, this report discusses interventions implemented at the market and consumer levels, as well as at the farm and processing stages. Factors that previous interventions have identified as inhibitory or enabling to effective food safety strategies, such as cultural settings, governance policies, or infrastructure, are highlighted. The case studies in this report highlight the following findings:

  • Strategies to control zoonotic and non-zoonotic pathogens at marketplaces exist and are generally similar, though other critical control points in the supply chain are important.
  • Accounting for the local socio-economic and cultural context and how it shapes attitudes and behaviors is key to intervention effectiveness.
  • While one-off education and training interventions have had short-term success, evidence is lacking for long-term interventions.
  • Knowledge alone does not usually result in changed behaviors.
  • Appropriate equipment and infrastructure, as well as other factors, are often necessary to enable a new practice.
  • Participatory approaches can be effective, at least in part, because they account for and leverage key behaviour drivers.



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