This article, published in in the journal Global Food Security, highlights causal pathways through which food safety and nutrition are interlinked (across health and physiology, consumer behavior, supply chains and markets, and policy and regulation), and discusses areas for action.
Policy Options Toolkits are a core output of GAIN’s policy and coordination efforts, under the Keeping Food Markets Working (KFMW) programme. These toolkits were developed through a participatory co-design process with GAIN, conducted in Beira and Pemba (Mozambique), Machakos and Kiambu (Kenya) and Rawalpindi and Peshawar (Pakistan) - between September 2020 and September 2021.
Efforts to increase the consumption of vegetables focus on addressing availability, accessibility, and desirability, usually through a value chain approach. We sought to build on this value chain approach by using participatory systems modelling to address the relatively stable daily per capita vegetable consumption in Nairobi, Kenya over the last 15 years.
GAIN has long supported SMEs to increase their production of safe and nutritious foods but has found it difficult to understand the impact of such activities on consumers. As food is a fast-moving consumer good, which travels in large volumes between diverse actors of a value chain, spanning wide areas, it can be hard to identify its end consumers, and collecting data from them can be resource intensive.
In Ethiopia, per capita annual consumption of dairy is just 11% of World Health Organization recommended levels. Low incomes are a key constraint to dairy consumption, as many consumers cannot afford to buy dairy in recommended quantities. Key sector constraints are centred around rural scarcity, high prices, and quality concerns.
Despite Mozambique’s economic growth over the last decade, critical levels of stunting amongst the population persist, partly driven by inadequate nutrient intake. Eggs are an excellent and affordable source of protein and represent an opportunity to address nutritional deficiencies in the Mozambican population.
Malnutrition among infants and young children is widespread in Mozambique, with high rates of stunting among children under 5 years of age. Micronutrient-fortified porridge can help increase the nutrient content of diets and thus contribute to the fight against malnutrition.
From October 2020 to December 2021, EatSafe conducted bi-weekly consumer and vendor surveys in traditional markets to assess the functioning of markets and market actors under COVID-19. The resulting Bulletins and Traditional Market Reports present detailed reports on trends in consumer resilience, vendors' business impacts, and food price changes.
To examine perceptions, knowledge, and experience related to food safety among both consumers and traditional market vendors, EatSafe conducted a focused ethnographic study (FES) using a modular approach of qualitative methods.
Understanding urban specific contexts and food system challenges during the pandemic is the first step towards the co-design of policy options. Between December 2020 and April 2021, GAIN conducted a mixed method Rapid Needs Assessment of the urban food system in Machakos and Kiambu (Kenya), Beira and Pemba (Mozambique), and Rawalpindi and Peshawar (Pakistan).