This report reviews laws and policies covering the fortification of wheat flour in the Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan, and also the fortification of edible oil in the latter two countries.
The objectives of this document are to:
- Present the legislation (i.e. laws, regulations, and standards) and policies pertinent to wheat flour fortification in Central Asian countries, and wheat flour and edible oil fortification in Pakistan and Afghanistan;
- Analyse the situation, identify potential barriers, legislative gaps and loopholes; and
- Recommend improvements in legislation and policy.
This study examined the six countries concerned based on the legislation regulating wheat flour and edible oil fortification, their respective policies, such as national strategies and programmes, regulatory frameworks, including government decrees, orders and resolutions, and technical norms (such as standards, technical orders or guidelines) regulating production and quality control, as well as related import-export legislation.