Focused ethnographic study–Karaga district, Ghana

This report presents the findings and discussion of a Focused Ethnographic Study (FES) in Karaga District, Northern Region. Karaga district is one of the 26 administrative districts in the Northern Region of Ghana. 

The FES used research modules derived from a cultural-ecological framework to examine infant and young child feeding practices, behaviours and beliefs from a household perspective. The examination included exploration of the determinants of infant and young child nutrition (physical environment, social environment, social organization, technology and culture). The study was conducted in selected communities with sampling frames divided into sub-frames to correspond with the four age groups of interest: 6-8 months, 9-11 months, 12-23 months (breast fed), and 12-23 months not breast fed.

This study yields important insights about current infant and young child feeding behaviours and practices and enabled the identification of appropriate interventions to address infant and young child diet inadequacies and malnutrition.