Fortified Foods

GAIN’s food fortification program has reached 800 million people in more than 30 countries with fortified staple foods and condiments.

Wheat and Maize Flour
Fortification of wheat and maize flour is a proven intervention in the fight against malnutrition. Worldwide, wheat and maize flour fortified with iron, folic acid, B vitamins, zinc and other micronutrients are contributing to reductions in the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA), pellagra, and neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
GAIN is supporting large-scale maize and flour fortification programs in 16 countries reaching millions. We continue to monitor on-going large-scale wheat and maize fortification projects and develop innovative new models to further expand the reach to the base of the pyramid through business-led approaches.

Rice is the main staple for approximately half the global population every day, many of whom are in countries with a high burden of malnutrition. Rice fortified with essential vitamins and minerals such as iron, folic acid, zinc, and folic acid, has immense potential to scale up the fight against micronutrient deficiencies. Across the globe, a rising number of countries are implementing rice fortification as a strategy to fight malnutrition. In some countries with supportive enabling environments, such as the Philippines and Costa Rica, mandatory rice fortification has been adopted. Innovative technologies have been developed for rice fortification and include coating, cold extrusion and hot extrusion. Read about GAIN’s work in rice fortification in Brazil and read the case study about fortifying rice in Vietnam and Cambodia


Vegetable Oil
Vitamin A and D fortification of vegetable oils is an effective, low-cost technology to reduce the burden of vitamin A and D deficiencies in developing countries. Vegetable oil is an ideal vehicle due to its high consumption, broad distribution, and existing centralized processing and delivery systems required for fortification and sustainability. In addition, oil composition delays oxidation, allowing for greater vitamin A retention after transportation, storage and cooking. Associated costs of vitamin A fortification have been estimated at US$ 2.00 per metric ton or US$ 0.012 per person per year. GAIN is working to make clear advances in the control of vitamin A deficiency through investments in vegetable oil fortification programs in at least 18 countries.

Fish and soy sauces are proven efficacious vehicles for fortification in efforts to improve nutrition and support iron deficiency anaemia control, particularly in countries in the East Asia region. These condiments are widely consumed by all segments of the population, are of nutritious quality and affordable to primary target populations including the poor, women and children. GAIN has worked in China, Vietnam, and Cambodia to develop public-private partnerships to deliver iron-fortified soy and fish sauce through commercial channels.